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        1 - Architectural design training based on artificial intelligence
        Nariman Nejati saeede kalantari MohammadReza Bemanian
        Rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the interest in their application in educational fields lead to significant growth in the scientific literature concerning the application of AI in education. Architectural design is a complex design tha More
        Rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the interest in their application in educational fields lead to significant growth in the scientific literature concerning the application of AI in education. Architectural design is a complex design that uses old experiences and creativity to produce new designs. The artificial intelligence use for the design process should not focus on finding a solution in a defined search space because the design requirements at the conceptual stage are not yet well defined. Instead, the artificial intelligence application should be considered to explore the design requirements and provide solutions to meet those requirements. The present applied study aims to provide an architectural design training model based on artificial intelligence in architecture education to provide an overview of artificial intelligence for the development and further implementation of the country's design education system. The type of this research is applied-developmental, and its method is descriptive-analytical and in terms of data collection surveys. A questionnaire was distributed among all faculty members of Azad University and experts in this field to collect the data required for the study. The collected data was analyzed by the method of content analysis. The results contain solutions to provide a model for architectural design training based on artificial intelligence. This study will acquaint professors and researchers to understand the status and development of financial and physical infrastructure and artificial intelligence hardware and software. Also, it will help increase the effectiveness and efficiency of its usage in architectural education. The findings also help activists, officials, educators, and researchers identify ways to improve designer education. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The Effect of Geometry and Light-receiving Surface on the Daylight Characteristics of the Room in Residential Architecture of Qajar Period (Case Study of Traditional Houses Located in Oudlajan Neighborhood of Tehran)
        ali hashemi MohammadReza Bemanian
        The problem Statement: Despite various estimates that have been made about the effective strategies in creating natural light and visual comfort in the structure of traditional Iranian houses, a precise quantitative evaluation of their efficiency and quality has not bee More
        The problem Statement: Despite various estimates that have been made about the effective strategies in creating natural light and visual comfort in the structure of traditional Iranian houses, a precise quantitative evaluation of their efficiency and quality has not been determined. Main question: What strategies were used in Qajar architecture to make the most use of natural daylight and how much was this important in traditional residential buildings of Tehran city due to the fluctuation of radiation intensity and the possibility of glare? Objective: This research aims to investigate and identify the effective strategies on the desirability of benefiting from natural daylight and visual comfort in traditional houses of Qajar period in Oudlajan neighborhood of Tehran. Research method: The present paper is based on a quantitative paradigm and a simulation strategy that uses Rhino software and evidence derived from reading the physical structure of traditional houses of Tehran city in Qajar period by non-random sampling for its calculations. Conclusion: The results showed that the daylight autonomy of the space in the majority of the rooms under study was at an acceptable level (more than 50%) and therefore these rooms were well lit by natural light. In addition, the comparison of the data of these analyses shows that the ratio used in the light-receiving surfaces was about 19.20% of the floor area of the room and the dominant direction of the light-receiving was from the south front. Also, all the rooms are in the acceptable level of glare probability mentioned in the lighting standards. Manuscript profile